Cannabinoids: Effects on the Human Body

Cannabinoids have a broad variety of applications for health and wellness. Here at Phyto Therapeutic Healing Center LLC, we’re focused to educate newcomers on their many uses so they can enjoy the full benefits.

Before we begin to understand CBD, it’s important to understand the system in our body responsible for taking in these compounds, the Endocannabinoid System (ECS).

The ECS refers to a collection of cell receptors. These receptors are responsible for receiving chemical messages. When these receptors interact with a Cannabinoid it produces a variety of positive effects within the body. There are two types of Endocannabinoid receptors — CB1 and CB2.

CB1 receptors are abundant in the central nervous system, while CB2 receptors are found in the peripheral nervous system. Therefore, chemicals affecting CB1 receptors will affect the different parts of the brain. For example, hypothalamus controls appetite, and amygdala influences emotion and memory. CB2, on the other hand, plays a role in reducing inflammation since its highly connected with the immune cells.

The ECS is the receiver, and when we want a reaction, we need compounds delivered to these receptors. These agonist compounds are called the cannabinoids. There are multiple classifications of cannabinoids.

1. Endocannabinoids

“Endo” means within. These are cannabinoids produced within the human body such as anandamide.

2. Synthetic Cannabinoids

These are cannabinoids produced in a laboratory.

3. Phytocannabinoids

These are cannabinoids extracted from plants. There are over 113 identified phytocannabinoids active on a cannabis or hemp plant. Cannabidiol (CBD) Tetrahydracannbinol (THC) and Cannabinol (CBN) are currently the most known and studied. And the most applied Cannabinoids for their effects on wellbeing.


CBD has recently gained popularity since it has been correlated with medicinal benefits, minus the “high”. Long before CBD surfaced in the medical arena, people associate Cannabis with another major

element, THC. This compound has an intoxicating effect on the CB-1 receptors, the receptors in our brain. Hence, use of THC can be mind-altering to some extent.

It’s important to understand this distinction between THC and CBD. CBD has been valued for being non-psychoactive with promising medicinal effects. From a 2013 review in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, CBD has a wide range of medical benefits:

· Antiemetic – Reduces nausea and vomiting

· Anticonvulsant – Suppresses seizure activity

· Antipsychotic – Combats psychosis disorders

· Anti-inflammatory – Eliminates pain and reduces swelling

· Antioxidant – Combats neurodegenerative disease e.g., Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s

· Analgesic – Combats pain

CBD can be ingested or applied topically. Topical treatment is ideal for localized pain. It is even considered as a great mitigating agent for rheumatoid arthritis. Every day, there is growing evidence of CBD benefits and we’re happy to be a brand that aims to bring awareness and offer CBD-infused services to the public.

Do you have any questions about CBD? Its use and benefits? Our knowledgeable staff is happy to answer.